The arenas of Vic-Fezensac and their future, it is a topic that always comes up in conversations at this time!
If we have understood the Region’s message accurately, the municipality should supply a wealthy and diversified program all through the 12 months to make this emblematic constructing of the metropolis a cultural area in the broad sense.
Why not take into account organizing Landes races as was the case years in the past?
Moreover, we typically have no idea that it’s to prepare bullfights but in addition Landes races that the present Vicoise arenas have been constructed.
And it was by way of two Landes races that they have been inaugurated!
We discover in the archives traces ofa landaise race organized in 1843 in Vic-Fezensac, signal that aficion was already current at the moment, this style for the confrontation of a person in entrance of an animal.
For a really very long time, there have been kinds of encierros in the streets with the cows and the bulls that the butchers had purchased and launched in the streets earlier than taking them to the slaughterhouse, however many accidents occurred like the bull who returned to the church at Nogaro.
Prohibitions multiplied and in the 18th century, the intendant of Gascony of Etigny imposed that the races happen in an enclosed area from which cows and bulls couldn’t escape.
In Vic, the place the ardour for the Landes race reigned, we put in on the sq. of the fairground arenas in detachable wooden in which many landaise races happened but in addition bullfights.
But these arenas supplied no assure of safety.
Indeed, we accessed the bleachers by a ladder from the monitor!
By deliberation of March 9, 1930, the municipal council chaired by the mayor Albert Delucq adopted the precept of the building of strengthened concrete arenas.
As a prudent man, Albert Delucq requested that the pageant committee be enlarged to 150 individuals who undertake to subscribe a share of 15,000 francs in the type of rental of the arenas in order to cowl the mortgage contracted by the municipality.
There have been a number of conferences to decide on the supreme place.
Finally, the land of the gardens at the prime of the metropolis was retained, a well-chosen land as a result of it allowed extensions, accesses, parking heaps.
The building of the constructing, which may accommodate 3,000 individuals, took 5 months.
The inauguration happened on Sunday, September 20, 1931 at 3:30 p.m. with a landaise race adopted by a circus present. 5000 individuals in keeping with the organizers! We are near a riot.
The two cuadrillas of Sunday September 30
On Monday night one other landaise race takes place.
Subsequently, the spectacular in style success noticed at the inauguration gave the Committee the concept of organizing bullfights and for this objective they referred to as upon Mr. Degeilh Agilitadirector of the newspaper Le Toril – a plaque pays homage to him – who went to Vic and advisable calling on a fantastic Bayonne aficionado Joseph Fourniol whose arenas are named after.
Alfred Degeil (Aguilita) and Joseph Fourniol (Paco Tolosa archives)
Time has handed, enlargements have been made however at this time, the concrete is drained and we have to consider the way forward for the buildings.
It is regrettable that the group of the programs landaises didn’t final in Vic-Fezensac.
Why not take into account bringing updated this very outdated sport which is a part of the native tradition?
Very outdated as a result of in the caves of Lascaux there are work of males confronting the animal!
Minos in his palace in Crete positioned his civilization underneath the signal of the bull and the artists retraced in frescoes, now in the Heraklion museum, the attitudes of males taking part in with a bull, pushing apart or leaping the beast.
In Roman occasions, gladiators fought in the arenas towards bulls at the Colosseum, in Nîmes, in Verona.
Don Sancho, Duke of Gascony, would have organized races in the ninth century in Saint-Sever the place related video games are reported a lot later in 1457.
Documents bear the hint of comparable demonstrations in 1468 in Oloron Sainte Marie and in 1510 in Bazas, Saint-Sever and Mont de Marsan.
The races have gotten increasingly more necessary in the South-West.
They have been even seen in Saint-Germain en Laye in 1561 in honor of Jeanne d’Albret and her kids.
The Holy See is fearful and by a bull of 1567 Pope Pius V prohibits the races of bulls and ferocious beasts underneath penalty of excommunication.
In the seventeenth century, the bishops multiplied the prohibitions however, as we noticed above, the butchers organized clandestine races in the streets between the butchers and the slaughterhouse.
From the place the decrees which can situation the group of programs landaises or bulls in closed locations.
In the nineteenth century, Landes races may happen freely in all places.
In 1831, the Darracq brothers carried out the first feints; it was in 1850 that Cizos made the first transfer, imitated by Jean Chicoy who can be nicknamed “the king of the arena”.
In 1886, in Peyrehorade, Charles Kroumir made the first somersault.
Many bullfighters are killed. Also from 1900, we generalize the fixing of “stamps” at the finish of the horns.
Despite this precaution, the course landaise stays a harmful sport.
During the heroic interval of the Course Landaise, the spreaders lead a barely bohemian life, going from race to race, in keeping with their temper. Little by little, they’ll want to be a part of a cuadrilla hooked up to a ganadero.
Competitions have been created permitting a wholesome emulation.
Today, the Course Landaise is above all a practice firmly rooted in the Gascon cultural heritage.
But it is usually a sport that’s acknowledged by the Ministry of Sports and managed by the Fédération Française de la Course Landaise.
Damaged by the well being disaster, it’s nevertheless increasingly more appreciated by the youthful generations and will see its future change into clearer.
So, when will the Landes race return to the future renovated arenas of Vic-Fezensac?
Title picture by Pierre Dupouy: late Monday afternoon, the cuadrilla Jean-Marc Lalanne impressed the public (Pentecost 2012)