Processed meals have invaded grocery store cabinets and are recurrently consumed by the French. However, they are composed of many ingredients meant to enhance the taste, the look or the preservation, which are dangerous to well being.
Among them, we discover particularly glucose-fructose syrup. Made from starch (corn or wheat), this ingredient comes from “cracking”, an industrial methodology utilized in the meals business, which consists of breaking down a uncooked meals into a number of completely different ingredients. Used for its candy taste and talent to combine effectively with different substances, glucose-fructose syrup can promote weight acquire and the growth of diabetes. It is current in lots of excessive calorie merchandise, akin to candies, sodas, crammed cookies, flavored syrups, sauces, but additionally in sure yogurts and surimis. In the listing of ingredients, it might additionally seem as “isoglucose” or “high fructose corn syrup (HFCS)”.
hydrogenated vegetable fat
Other ingredients to avoid when shopping: hydrogenated vegetable fat. Most vegetable oils containing polyunsaturated fatty acids, akin to rapeseed or soybean oils, are liquid at room temperature, which makes them troublesome to use and transport. In order to make them strong, producers inject them with hydrogen. But throughout hydrogenation, so-called “trans” fatty acids are generated. And it’s the latter that are harmful. Studies have proven that extreme consumption of trans fatty acids is related to an elevated cardiovascular danger. According to’National Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health Safety (ANSES), they enhance “bad” ldl cholesterol (LDL) and scale back “good” ldl cholesterol (HDL). They might be discovered, for instance, in pastries, pizzas, and even quiches.
Nitrites, in addition to nitrates, are components used to protect meat and different perishable merchandise, and forestall the growth of dangerous micro organism, liable for botulism and even salmonellosis. According to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), nitrites are dangerous to people for 2 foremost causes: they scale back the capacity of purple blood cells to carry oxygen in the physique and may contribute to the formation of compounds carcinogenic chemical compounds, nitrosamines. In addition to vacuum-packed chilly meats, this additive might be present in ready meals, in sure frozen pizzas, but additionally in industrial sandwiches, made with ham or hen.
Monosodium glutamate (E621 or GMS) is a taste enhancer extensively utilized in the meals business. It is available in the type of a white powder and acts as an stimulant on the style buds and on the mind. It is commonly he who’s at the origin of this uncontrollable want to end a packet of crisps. This substance can thus create dependence, and promote weight problems in addition to the prevalence of hypertension. Studies have additionally proven that this ingredient can worsen sure severe psychological issues like Parkinson’s illness and Alzheimer’s illness. It is due to this fact present in aperitif cookies, but additionally in broths, sauces, ready meals, and vacuum-packed chilly meats. The phrases “natural seasoning”, “hydrolyzed protein” or “bacon taste” are typically related to the presence of glutamate.
Aspartame, acesulfame Ok, sucralose, saccharin, thaumatin … Obtained by chemical synthesis or extracted from vegetation, “intense sweeteners” are components utilized by the meals business for his or her very excessive sweetening energy (100 to 600 occasions that of powdered sugar. ) with out calorie consumption. While they are believed to restrict weight acquire, the advantages of those substances are controversial. According to ANSES, the obtainable research don’t make it doable to show that the consumption of merchandise containing intense sweeteners is of curiosity in controlling the weight and blood sugar ranges of diabetic topics or the incidence of kind 2 diabetes. On the different hand, the company stresses that epidemiological knowledge don’t enable sure dangers to be utterly dominated out in the occasion of normal and extended consumption of intense sweeteners.