While the Senators are persevering with from Monday, June 14 the examination of the “Climate-Resilience” invoice, the UFC-Que Choisir is publishing a brand new comparative research (1) on the prices of vehicle ownership, which highlights the financial curiosity of choosing an electric automotive, and this beginning right this moment. In view of the consumerist, environmental and well being problem that mobility represents, the UFC-Que Choisir calls on the general public authorities to place in place a sequence of measures to advertise, throughout the framework of a extra average use of particular person mobility, the adoption of much less emitting autos, specifically by enhancing the knowledge given to customers by regulation on the fee of utilizing autos.
THE ELECTRIC CAR, AN ALREADY PROFITABLE OPTION
The UFC-Que Choisir research, which relies on the calculation of the overall value of vehicle ownership, that’s to say of all the prices borne by customers (distinction between buy worth and resale worth, vitality, insurance coverage, upkeep, and so on.) (2), exhibits that, besides for giant autos, electric vehicles are already proving to be extra worthwhile than thermal propulsion fashions.
Thus, as proven within the infographic above, for medium-sized vehicles (the bulk in gross sales in France), the electric is systematically the least costly expertise, considering all the prices of ownership. And that is true each for brand new autos (€ 1,750 financial savings in comparison with gasoline over 4 years) and for vehicles of 2e or 3e predominant (respectively € 960 and € 1,190 financial savings in comparison with gasoline). As for easy or rechargeable hybrids, typically perceived as combining the most effective of thermal and electric, they show to be dearer than electric however stay shoulder to shoulder with diesel (offered they’re recharged ceaselessly).
Electricity’s worth competitiveness right this moment rests on two pillars. On the one hand, the fee of vitality, on common 73% decrease than for a median-sized petrol automotive, over your complete life of the vehicle. On the opposite hand, the ecological buy bonus (€ 7,000 right this moment, € 6,000 from 1er July 2021). Without public help, the electric vehicle wouldn’t be worthwhile in France earlier than 2025 for small fashions, based on our estimates.
SAVINGS FOR rural and peri-city customers
Our research exhibits that small rollers, and much more heavy rollers, have each curiosity in going electric.
For instance, a brand new electric metropolis automotive will save a big wheeler proprietor (20,000 km per yr) € 1,275 every year in comparison with a gasoline-powered automotive (€ 725 in diesel) whereas a small wheeler (10,000 km) will save 625 € in comparison with gasoline and € 425 in comparison with diesel. The electric vehicle subsequently performs properly for customers in rural and peri-city areas, who typically have larger mileage than on the town every day, and who typically don’t profit from an tailored public transport supply.
The largest drivers subsequently have each curiosity in switching to extra carbon-free autos. And that is excellent news for the local weather although the personal automotive, with 16% of greenhouse fuel emissions, is the 2nde polluter from France. But the change to the electric automotive can’t occur except the brakes it nonetheless faces are lifted: restricted autonomy, the necessity for an environment friendly and simple-to-use charging community.
a necessity for info on the fee per kilometer
Despite their development lately, electric vehicles nonetheless solely symbolize a minor half of the vehicle fleet, with combustion autos remaining the overwhelming majority (97.7% of the 38.2 million autos in circulation) (3).
The lack of info on the time of buy stays an impediment to their adoption. Indeed, the electric vehicle, if it permits financial savings in use, has a excessive entry worth in comparison with a thermal engine, which may dissuade the client. It is subsequently pressing to supply info on the fee per kilometer on the time of buy, with the intention to simply examine powertrains and speed up the transition to electric mobility. This reflection should take its place within the discussions of the “Climate-Resilience” regulation.
While lowering the place of the personal automotive in journey stays the precedence, the electric automotive has a card to play within the decarbonisation of transport. In view of France’s carbon discount targets and the rising financial curiosity that low-emission applied sciences convey to customers, UFC-Que Choisir asks:
To the French parliamentarians to:
- Reinforce shopper info earlier than buy on the financial (value of use per kilometer) and environmental (life cycle evaluation) efficiency of a vehicle;
- Maintain the ecological bonus for the acquisition of electric vehicles till their total value of ownership is equal to that of a thermal vehicle;
- To the European authorities, to extend the ambition of the CO emissions discount targets2 utilized to new vehicles, to hurry up the advertising of electric vehicles.
(1) The technical research on the fee of ownership was carried out by an impartial agency (Element Energy) and financed by the European Climate Foundation. A research was carried out in parallel at European degree, accessible here.
(2) The holding prices had been calculated for small vehicles (e.g. Renault Clio, Renault ZOE), medium (e.g. Peugeot 308, Tesla Model 3) or massive (e.g. Renault Captur, Hyundai Kona), for the varied propulsion applied sciences: autos with gasoline or diesel engines, hybrids and plug-in hybrids, electric battery and hydrogen.
(3) Source: 38.2 million cars in circulation in France, Ministry of Ecological Transition (2020).